What is BMR and How Calculate it?
BMR stands for Basal Metabolic Rate. It is the amount of energy that your body needs to perform basic, life-sustaining functions such as breathing, circulation, and maintaining body temperature.
Your BMR is influenced by various factors including your age, gender, weight, height, and muscle mass. To calculate your BMR, you can use the Harris-Benedict equation which takes into account your age, gender, weight, and height.
The formula for BMR calculation for men is: BMR = 88.36 + (13.4 x weight in kg) + (4.8 x height in cm) - (5.7 x age in years)
The formula for BMR calculation for women is: BMR = 447.6 + (9.2 x weight in kg) + (3.1 x height in cm) - (4.3 x age in years)
Once you calculate your BMR, you can use this number to estimate your daily calorie needs based on your activity level.
How to Use a BMR Calculator?
Using a Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) calculator can help you estimate the number of calories your body burns at rest. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to use a BMR calculator:
Step 1. Find a BMR Calculator
There are many BMR calculators available online. You can use any reputable one you like. One example is the BMR Calculator on the Mayo Clinic website.
Step 2. Enter Your Personal Information
Enter your age, height, weight, and gender in the BMR calculator. These factors play a significant role in determining your BMR.
Step 3. Determine Your Activity Level
You will need to determine your activity level to get an accurate estimate of your daily calorie needs. Sedentary individuals burn fewer calories than those who are active. Most BMR calculators will offer different activity levels to choose from, such as:
- Sedentary (little or no exercise)
- Lightly active (light exercise or sports 1-3 days a week)
- Moderately active (moderate exercise or sports 3-5 days a week)
- Very active (hard exercise or sports 6-7 days a week)
- Extremely active (very hard exercise or sports, physical job or training twice a day)
Select the activity level that best describes your lifestyle.
Step 4. Calculate Your BMR
Once you have entered your personal information and activity level, click "Calculate" to get your estimated BMR. The BMR calculator will provide you with the number of calories your body burns at rest.
Step 5. Determine Your Daily Calorie Needs
To determine your daily calorie needs, you will need to multiply your BMR by your activity level. For example, if your BMR is 1,500 calories and you are moderately active, you would multiply 1,500 by 1.55 (moderately active) to get 2,325 calories. This is the estimated number of calories you need to maintain your current weight.
Step 6. Adjust Your Caloric Intake
If you want to lose weight, you will need to create a calorie deficit by eating fewer calories than you burn. A safe and sustainable rate of weight loss is typically 1-2 pounds per week. To achieve this, you will need to reduce your daily calorie intake by 500-1,000 calories per day. If you want to gain weight, you will need to eat more calories than you burn.
Using a BMR calculator can be helpful in determining your daily calorie needs. However, keep in mind that it is only an estimate and may not be entirely accurate. Factors such as genetics, muscle mass, and hormone levels can all impact your calorie needs. It's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional before making significant changes to your diet or exercise routine.
Examples of Calculating BMR
BMR stands for Basal Metabolic Rate, which refers to the number of calories required by an individual to maintain their body's basic functions at rest, such as breathing, circulation, and other vital organ functions. Here are three different examples of BMR calculations:
This formula is a widely used method to calculate BMR. It takes into account an individual's age, weight, height, and sex. Here's how to calculate it:
For men: BMR = 88.36 + (13.4 x weight in kg) + (4.8 x height in cm) - (5.7 x age in years) For women: BMR = 447.6 + (9.2 x weight in kg) + (3.1 x height in cm) - (4.3 x age in years)
Mifflin-St. Jeor Equation
This formula is another commonly used method for BMR calculation. It is similar to the Harris-Benedict equation but has slightly different coefficients. Here's how to calculate it:
For men: BMR = (10 x weight in kg) + (6.25 x height in cm) - (5 x age in years) + 5 For women: BMR = (10 x weight in kg) + (6.25 x height in cm) - (5 x age in years) - 161
This formula is different from the above two as it takes into account an individual's lean body mass (LBM) rather than their weight or height. Here's how to calculate it:
BMR = 370 + (21.6 x LBM in kg)
To calculate LBM, first, you need to determine your body fat percentage (using methods like bioelectrical impedance, skinfold measurements, or DEXA scans) and subtract it from your total weight. The resulting number is your LBM, which you can use to calculate your BMR using the Katch-McArdle Equation.
BMR Calculation Nuances
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the amount of energy or calories that your body needs to function while at rest. Calculating BMR can help you determine how many calories you need to consume each day to maintain your weight or achieve your weight loss goals.
When calculating BMR, there are a few nuances to keep in mind:
Age. BMR decreases as you age, so the older you are, the lower your BMR will be.
Gender. Women typically have a lower BMR than men because they tend to have less muscle mass and more body fat.
Body composition. Your body composition, specifically your muscle mass, plays a significant role in your BMR. People with more muscle mass generally have a higher BMR because muscle tissue requires more energy to maintain than fat tissue.
Weight and height. Your BMR is influenced by your weight and height, with heavier and taller individuals having a higher BMR.
Activity level. Your BMR does not take into account physical activity or exercise. To determine your total daily energy expenditure (TDEE), which includes both BMR and calories burned through physical activity, you will need to multiply your BMR by an activity factor that corresponds to your daily activity level.
Medical conditions and medications. Certain medical conditions and medications can affect your BMR. For example, thyroid disorders can slow down your metabolism, leading to a lower BMR.
It's important to note that while calculating your BMR can be a helpful tool, it's not a one-size-fits-all approach. Everyone's body is unique, and other factors such as genetics and environmental factors can also impact your metabolism. Therefore, it's always best to consult a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized advice on how to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
BMR Calculator vs Manual Calculation
Both BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) calculators and manual calculations can be efficient, but they serve different purposes.
BMR calculators use mathematical formulas that take into account your age, height, weight, and gender to estimate your basal metabolic rate, which is the number of calories your body burns while at rest. BMR calculators can be very useful because they provide a quick and easy way to estimate your daily caloric needs. Additionally, they can be very accurate if you enter your information correctly.
On the other hand, manual calculations may take more time and effort, but they can also be more precise. Manual calculations involve using a formula to estimate your BMR and then adjusting it based on your activity level, which gives you a more accurate estimate of your daily caloric needs. This method takes into account more factors than a BMR calculator, including your occupation, exercise routine, and overall lifestyle.
In conclusion, both BMR calculators and manual calculations can be efficient, but it depends on your needs and preferences. If you're looking for a quick estimate of your daily caloric needs, a BMR calculator is a great tool to use. If you want a more precise estimate that takes into account more factors, manual calculations may be a better option.
❓ BMR Calculating FAQs
Now we would like to provide you with answers to frequently asked questions on this topic.
What is BMR and why is it important to calculate it?
BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) is the number of calories your body burns while at rest to maintain basic functions such as breathing, circulation, and organ function. It is important to know your BMR as it helps determine how many calories you need to consume to maintain, lose, or gain weight.
How is BMR calculated?
BMR is calculated using several factors such as age, gender, height, weight, and body composition. The most commonly used formula is the Harris-Benedict equation, which takes into account your sex, weight, height, and age to calculate your BMR. There are also online BMR calculators available that use different equations and variables to estimate your BMR.
Can BMR be increased?
Yes, you can increase your BMR through physical activity and building muscle mass. Aerobic and strength-training exercises can boost your metabolism, leading to an increase in BMR. Eating small, frequent meals can also help keep your metabolism going and prevent it from slowing down.
Is BMR the same as metabolism?
No, BMR and metabolism are not the same things. BMR refers to the calories your body burns while at rest, while metabolism refers to all of the chemical processes that occur in your body to keep you alive. BMR is a component of metabolism, but metabolism includes other factors such as the thermic effect of food and physical activity.
How accurate are BMR calculations?
BMR calculations can give a rough estimate of your calorie needs, but they are not always accurate as they do not take into account individual variations in metabolism and other factors such as genetics and hormones. Additionally, BMR can change over time as your body composition, age, and other factors change. It is best to use BMR calculations as a starting point and adjust based on individual needs and goals.
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